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📚 Glossary

The Ultimate CBD Glossary.

We think everybody should know as much as possible about their CBD products: what they are, how they work, and how they’re made.

CBD and its related terms are some of the buzziest buzzwords out there. And for good reason:  CBD products have gained a lot of attention recently for their overall health and wellness benefits. 

And to be a smart CBD shopper, you’ve gotta know the lingo. So whether you’re new to the world of CBD or just looking for a refresher course, we’ve got you covered on the vocab to empower you as you shop.

We developed this article to lists important CBD lingo with a brief description together with links to the relevant section within this help documentation.
In this article:

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


A

2-AG – A derivative of arachidonic acid that occurs naturally in the brain (as well as some foods) and acts as a messenger molecule, playing roles in appetite, depression, memory, and fertility; one of the two known endocannabinoids.
 
Agricultural Hemp – Refers to varieties of the Cannabis Sativa L. plant that contains less than 0.3% THC in the dry weight material, and is grown for industrial purposes and legal for use in all 50 states and more than 40 countries.

Alcohol extraction – A method commonly used to extract cannabinoids from cannabis plants. In this process, cannabis is first soaked in an alcohol, such as ethanol, to remove the plant material. The alcohol is removed through evaporation.

Anandamide (AEA) – a derivative of arachidonic acid that occurs naturally in the brain (as well as some foods) and acts as a messenger molecule, playing roles in appetite, depression, memory, and fertility; one of the two known endocannabinoids.


B

Bioavailability – The proportion of a drug that reaches circulation in the body and has an active effect.

Black market cannabis – Cannabis that’s sold, traded, or obtained illegally.

Broad SpectrumProducts labeled “broad spectrum” fall somewhere between full-spectrum and isolate formulations. Because they contain terpenes and other beneficial cannabinoids, broad-spectrum products offer some of the benefits of the entourage effect — without any THC. For those who can’t have or don’t want to have any traces of THC in their system, broad-spectrum products can be a better choice than isolates.


C

Cannabis – Cannabis is the generic term for products of the plant, Cannabis Sativa L.


Cannabis Sativa L. – A species of plant in the Cannabis genus; refers to both agricultural hemp and marijuana, which are both sub species however different plants entirely.


Cannabinoid – A chemical substance found in the cannabis plant; THC and CBD are the two most prevalent, but there are at least 113 known cannabinoids.

Cannabinoid 1 (CB1) receptor – CB1 receptors are found on the surface of certain cells, tissues, and organs, and help regulate biological function. CB1 receptors are present in several regions of the brain and spinal cord and, in lesser quantities, in other parts of the body, such as the endocrine glands and the gastrointestinal and urinary tracts. CB1 receptors mediate the effects of cannabinoids on these organs.

Cannabinoid 2 (CB2) receptor – CB2 receptors regulate the biological function of certain cells, tissues, and organs. CB2 receptors are present on white blood cells and in the tonsils, the spleen, immune cells, and neurons. CB2 receptors help mediate the effect of cannabinoids on these organs and cells.


CBD – Short for cannabidiol; a phytocannabinoid found in the cannabis; does not result in euphoria and has shown to have benefits on human and animal health.


CBD Oil – An extract obtained from the flowering portions of the hemp plant, then dissolved in another oil (coconut, sesame, etc.). It typically contains no THC and has no psychoactive properties.


CBD-A – Short for cannabidiolic-acid; an acidic cannabinoid, the naturally occurring raw form of CBD that is produced directly in the plant.


CBC – Short for cannabichromene; a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis that has little to no intoxicating effects.


CBG – Short for cannabigerol; known as the “parent cannabinoid” and is the chemical precursor to THC and CBD.


CBN – Short for cannabinol; a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis; it is produced when THC is metabolized and has little to no intoxicating effects.


CB1 – Cannabinoid receptor found primarily in the central nervous system (nerves in the brain and spinal cord).


CB2 – Cannabinoid receptor found primarily in the peripheral nervous system (nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord).


Chlorophyll – Refers to groups of green pigmented molecules found in plants and algae, that is important for plant photosynthesis.


CO2 Extraction – Method used to extract CBD concentrates; CO2 gas is pressurized into a a safe liquid and used to extract oils from plants with the advantage of no solvent residue.


D

Dabs and dabbing  Dabs are concentrated doses of cannabis that are made by extracting tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) or CBD using a solvent like butane; the resulting sticky oils are sometimes referred to as wax. Dabbing is the flash vaporization and inhalation of these concentrates. CBD dabbing is noted for its quick therapeutic effects.

Decarboxylation – The process of applying heat to activate and release the CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in cannabis.

Dispensary  Medical cannabis dispensaries are designed to give people a secure location to gather information and purchase cannabis grown to treat ailments. Laws regarding access vary by state.

Distilled Oil  This is the ultimate step in refining an oil, where excess plant material is distilled in a solvent-free process.

Dosing – The quantity of medicine prescribed at one time. Dosing CBD depends on therapeutic goals, as well as how it is ingested or applied.


E

Edible Food or candy products infused with marijuana. Edibles must be digested in order to take effect, and as a result, it may take more time to feel their effects.

Eicosanoids Signaling molecules made from arachidonic acid or other polyunsaturated fatty acids that are similar to arachidonic acid. Endocannabinoids are all eicosanoids.

Electronic smoking device An electronic smoking device generally consists of a mouthpiece, a battery, a cartridge containing an e-liquid (a mixture of water, flavoring, and an active chemical component), and a heating component powered by a battery. These devices are often referred to as vaporizers, vapes, or e-cigarettes.

Endocannabinoid – Naturally occurring cannabinoids in the human body.


Endocannabinoid System – (ECS) Refers to endocannabinoids, the enzymes that regulate their production and degradation, and their receptors.


Enriched (CBD-rich) – Preparations from cannabis plants that are higher in CBD than plants bred historically for recreation.


Entourage Effect – Refers to the idea that biologically active compounds can have enhanced biological activity when administered in combination with otherwise inactive compounds as opposed to isolated active compounds administered alone.


F

Farm Bill – United States Congress voted at the end of December 2018 to pass the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, more commonly referred to as the Farm Bill. This legislation made CBD products legal to purchase in all 50 states. Under the Farm Bill, industrial hemp (where CBD products are derived from) must contain less than .3 % THC. The power over industrial hemp regulation is shared by the state and federal governments. The Farm Bill also gave the FDA the authority to regulate cannabis products.

 

FDA – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is a regulatory government agency with the power to regulate cannabis and cannabis-derived products since the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill. So far, the FDA has officially approved the CBD product Epidiolex as a treatment for epilepsy. The government’s relationship with the cannabis industry is constantly evolving; learn more about about how the FDA is handling cannabis and CBD products on the FDA’s website.

Fatty Acid – Long hydrocarbon chain, with a carboxyl group (COOH) at the end; important part of the fat-soluble components of living cells (lipids).

Flavonoids – The chemicals that give something its flavor. In cannabis and hemp, different flavonoids make different strains vary in taste.

Full-Spectrum – Any hemp oil listed as “full-spectrum” means it contains, at maximum, 0.3% THC in addition to the CBD. Full-spectrum products take advantage of the entourage effect.


G


H

Hemp – A cannabis plant bred to have very low THC content and is primarily cultivated for its fibers. Hemp products range from oils to clothing.


Hemp Oil/Hempseed Oil – An oil extracted from cannabis seeds by cold pressing. It contains only trace amounts of cannabinoids and terpenes, and is high in unsaturated fatty acids; used in paints and varnishes and in manufacturing soap and a wide variety of food products.


Hemptourage Effect – Refers to the “entourage effect” of compounds present in hemp-derived CBD oil to optimize health and wellness.


Homeostasis – Self-regulating process of any system in the body; your body automatically finding balance.


I

Industrial Hemp – Hemp grown specifically for the industrial uses of its products, including textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastic, food, biofuel, and medicine (including CBD). Hemp and its products are legal in the U.S. under the Farm Bill as long as they contain less than .3% THC.

Isolate – A highly concentrated, purified form of a cannabinoid. CBD is one of the most common isolates you’ll find.


J


K


L


M

Marijuana – A dried mixture of cannabis leaves and flowers.

Microdosing – A technique that involves consuming small servings of CBD supplements throughout the day. Microdosing can be beneficial because it allows the user to maintain stable CBD levels in your system around the clock. This consistency can be important for those who use CBD for its balancing properties.


N

Nutraceutical – Also known as dietary supplements, these are food-derived products that offer extra health benefits in addition to their existing nutritional value. These products that contains nutrients derived from food products and are often concentrated in liquid, capsule, powder, or pill form. Dietary supplements are regulated by the FDA.

Non-psychotoxic – Does not have a detrimental effect on the mind, personality or behavior; does not get you “high.”


O

Organic – Foods and products derived from farming methods that promote ecological balance and restrict the use of pesticides, fertilizers, and synthetics. These growing practices promote the health of both the environment and the consumer. Organic products particularly appeal to those who support sustainable farming and care about the safety and quality of what goes into their bodies.


P

Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics – The way drugs are absorbed, distributed, metabolized, and excreted in and from the body.

Phytocannabinoid – Plant-based cannabinoids found in species of cannabis.

Plant Sterol – Cholesterol-like compounds are naturally occurring in plants and support the reduction of LDL-cholesterol (bad cholesterol), without significantly affecting HDL-cholesterol (good cholesterol).

Potency – A measure of drug activity expressed in terms of the amount required to produce an effect of given intensity in the body. A high-potency drug evokes a larger response even at a low dose, while a low-potency drug evokes a small response at low concentrations and requires higher doses for a similar effect.

Psychoactive – A property that changes brain function by interacting with the central nervous system and results in altered perception, mood, consciousness, cognition, or behavior. THC is the primary psychoactive component in cannabis plants.


Q


R

Raw Oil – A whole-plant CO2 extraction from agricultural hemp; Cannabidiolic Acid, or CBD-A, comprises a significant proportion of the extracted cannabinoids in the raw oil.

Route of administration – The path by which a drug or substance is taken into the body. An example might be a medication that is taken in pill form (oral administration) or applied to the skin (topical application). 


Salve – An ointment made from the cannabis plant to be applied directly to the skin. Learn More: Full Spectrum CBD salve

Schedule 1 drug – Schedule 1 drugs are those that have no accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse.

Strain – A strain refers to the different varieties of cannabis. Some examples include indica, sativa, and hybrid.

Sublingual – From the Latin for “under the tongue,” a method for administering drugs by mouth. It involves placing a substance under the tongue, where it can be readily absorbed into the blood vessels and begin to circulate throughout the body.

Synthetic cannabis – Synthetic cannabis, such as Spice and K2, refers to products using man-made chemicals. Some people may use synthetic cannabis as an alternative to marijuana. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) warns that the effects of synthetic cannabis on the body can be unpredictable, harmful, and very different from those of marijuana.


T

Terpene – A large and diverse class of strong-smelling organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants and insects.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) – THC, Short for tetrahydrocannabinol; a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis shown to have some benefits on human and animal health, however, is responsible for intoxicating effects associated with marijuana use..

Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA)  A cannabinoid that does not have psychoactive effects. It is the precursor to THC. As the plant dries, THCA slowly converts to THC. The potential medicinal properties of THCA are still under study. 

Tincture – A liquid that contains a concentrated herbal extract.

Topical – An oil, salve, lotion, or ointment infused with CBD that can be applied directly to the skin. 



V

Vaporizer A device intended to vaporize substances for inhalation. Vaporizers can be used to heat dried cannabis, cannabis oil, or cannabis wax; they convert the active ingredients into a cannabis-infused aerosol that can be inhaled.  

Vaping Inhaling a vaporized substance generated by an electronic vaporizer.

Vitamin E – Also known as alpha-tocopherol, a fat-soluble vitamin important for normal cell growth and function; found in vegetable oils, egg yolk, etc.


W

Whole Plant – Concept implying that products derived from the entire cannabis plant may be better than the individual cannabinoids isolated from it


X


Y



 

Now that you better understand all the words you’ve spotted while doing your CBD research, you’re ready to go shopping! Check out our hemp CBD products now!

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